What is RCIA?
The U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops describes the Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults as a process in which participants "undergo…conversion as they study the Gospel, profess faith in Jesus and the Catholic Church, and receive the sacraments…The RCIA process follows the ancient practice of the Church and was restored by the Second Vatican Council as the normal way adults prepare for baptism."
Likewise, the language used in the RCIA process is that of the early Church formation programs. Catechumens are those people who are seeking full initiation into the Catholic Church through all of the Sacraments of Initiation – Baptism, Eucharist and Confirmation. Candidates are people who have been baptized in a Christian tradition but are seeking initiation into the Catholic Church through Eucharist and Confirmation.
All are Welcome!
RCIA is a process of study, exploration, faith-sharing, and faith formation with specific liturgical rites for seekers and inquirers. Seekers and inquirers are non-baptized adults who desire to be fully initiated into the Roman Catholic Church and/or baptized adult Christians who desire full communion in the Roman Catholic Church.
Adults or older children who have not been baptized and desire to join the Church are invited into the ancient celebration of the Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults. During this process, which is marked by regular ritual acts, participants are introduced to the liturgy, the teachings, and the life of the Catholic Church.
Adults or older children who were baptized in another Christian denomination prepare in a similar way for the sacraments of Confirmation and the Eucharist during their reception into the Catholic Church.
RCIA is a Journey
The Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults is a process that proceeds over weeks and months. It has several steps:
This is the earliest phase in the process; it is also known as the Period of Inquiry. Catechumens and Candidates acknowledge that Christ is calling them into the Church through the movement of the Holy Spirit. This is a time for seeking and reflection.
Rite of Initiation
The first Rite in the RCIA process, the Rite of Initiation accepts new members into the worshipping community.
The longest part of the process, the Catechumenate is a time of learning and formation in the traditions and doctrine of the Catholic Church. This is a time for sharing stories, reading scripture, and studying the Church customs, traditions and doctrine. Participants also participate in worship services and various Church rituals.
Rite of Election
Catechumens and Candidates are chosen to be received by the bishop and the community and to receive the Sacraments of Initiation at Easter.
Sacraments of Initiation
At the Easter Vigil (Holy Saturday), all newly elected members of the community who have been journeying through the RCIA process are welcomed formally into the community of believers through receiving the Sacraments of Initiation – Baptism, Eucharist and Confirmation.
This is a time of reflection and celebration after the formal reception into the Catholic Church. Mystagogia means “leading into the mystery” and it is a time to explore the deep mystery of our faith and go forth to help build the reign of God on Earth as new members of the faithful.
Rite of Christian Initiation, baptism, confirmation and the Holy Communion of Adults (RCIA)
Maria Lanakila Parish welcomes any adult, baptized or not, Catholic or not, who wishes to join our faith community and the greater Catholic Church by becoming fully initiated Catholics. Fully initiated Catholics have received all three Sacraments of Initiation; Baptism, Confirmation and Eucharist. RCIA prepares adults to receive any or all of these sacraments. We accomplish this through a series of “Mini-Retreats” and a number of special “Rites” or liturgies. Most of the Rites are celebrated in the presence of the Christian assembly, usually during a Sunday Mass.
The Mini-Retreats provide the teachings of the Catholic Church covering a variety of topics, such as:
- Human Longing for God
- Being a Catholic
- Divine Revelation through Scripture and Tradition
- Making Moral Decisions
- What Happens at Mass
- Pathways of Prayer
- The Person, Works and Words of Jesus
- The Seven Sacraments
- The Holy Spirit
- Life in Christ
In addition, special emphasis is given to faith formation, to Our Blessed Mother, Mary, and to the Holy Rosary.
There are four Periods to the RCIA process and they include certain Rites, which are different for baptized and un-baptized people:
Period 1 – Pre-catechumenate or period of evangelization - The period of preparation prior to celebrating the first Rite.
Period 2 – Catechumenate or period of enlightenment - Begins with un baptized persons receiving the Rite of Acceptance into the catechumenate while baptized persons receive the Rite of Welcoming as candidates for full initiation. The term, catechumen, dates back to the early Christians during persecutions in Rome.
Period 3 – Period of Purification – Begins with unbaptized persons receiving the Rite of Election, usually on the first Sunday of Lent. To help emphasize the penitential aspects of Lent and prepare for receiving the Sacraments to complete their initiation several other Rites are celebrated during this period. The baptized receive the Rite of Calling to Continued Conversion on the second Sunday of Lent. The un-baptized receive three Rites, called Scrutinies, on the third, fourth and fifth Sundays of Lent.
Period 4 – Mystagogy or Living the Mystery – Receiving the Sacraments of Initiation during the Great Vigil of Easter on Holy Saturday is not the final goal of the RCIA process. It is a portal, or doorway through which the participants pass to living in the Pascal Mystery of Christ. This final period begins with reception of the Sacraments and helps the participants to adjust to their new lives as fully initiated Catholics. Although the RCIA process and this final period formally end on Pentecost Sunday (50 days after Easter), Mystagogy actually continues for the rest of a Catholic’s life.
People journeying through the RCIA process need sponsors and community support to help them grow in faith. The RCIA team of sponsors help guide, support and instruct those discerning whether to become members of our Catholic community. Team members share their faith with inquiring adults who are seeking more information about the Catholic Church, many of whom seek to celebrate one or more of the Sacraments of Initiation: Baptism, Eucharist and Confirmation.
Anyone interested in becoming a fully initiated Catholic, or in assisting our RCIA team, please contact Ron and Kathy Karlberg at (360) 509-8072 or call the office at 661-0552 for more information.